Thursday, June 9, 2016

High School Math Solutions – Inequalities Calculator, Quadratic Inequalities

We’ve learned how to solve linear inequalities. Now, it’s time to learn how to solve quadratic inequalities. Solving quadratic inequalities is a little harder than solving linear inequalities. Let’s see how to solve them.

There are a couple ways to solve quadratic inequalities depending on the inequality. I’ll focus on explaining the more complicated version.

We’re given the quadratic inequality: x^2+2x-8\le0

Here are the steps to solving it:
  1. Move everything to one side of the inequality sign
  2. Set the inequality sign to an equal sign and solve for x
  3. Create three intervals
  4. Pick a number in each inequality and see if it satisfies the original inequality
  5. Select the proper inequality

Now we will go through this example step by step to understand a little better how to solve it.

Step 1: Make sure you start with 0 on one side
x^2+2x-8\le0
Looks good!

Step 2: Set the inequality sign to an equal sign and solve for x
x^2+2x-8=0
(x-2)(x+4)=0
x=2\:and\:x=-4
Step 3: Create three intervals


We are able to pick three intervals from looking at the number and seeing where the function crosses the x-axis (i.e. where the function is equal to 0).


Step 4: Pick a number in each inequality and see if it satisfies the original inequality
x<-4               -4<x<2               x>2
Table Header x<-4 -4<x<2 x>2
x^2+2x-8 (-5)^2+2(-5)-8=7 (0)^2+2(0)-8=-8 (3)^2+2(3)-8=7
Sign \quad\quad\quad\quad+ \quad\quad\quad\quad- \quad\quad\quad\quad+

We’ve turned the intervals into inequalities. Then, we picked a number in each inequality to see if it satisfied the original inequality, x^2+2x-8\le0.

Step 5: Select the proper inequality
-4<x<2
-4\lex\le2
We’ve selected -4<x<2 because it satisfies the original inequality because the quadratic is negative when x is between -4 and 2. However, don’t forget that the original equality contains the ≤ symbol so that means x can equal 0 too. We change the inequality signs because we know -4 and 2 are the zeros of the quadratic.


Let’s see some more examples…

Second example (click here):


Last example… This one is simple (click here):


Hopefully, that wasn’t too hard! Solving quadratic inequalities sometimes require patience to write everything out. For more help check out Symbolab’s practice.

Until next time,

Leah

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